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What is National Mission
for Justice Delivery and Legal Reforms?
The National Mission for
Justice Delivery and Legal Reforms was set up in June, 2011
in India to achieve the twin goals of increasing access by reducing delays and arrears; and
enhancing accountability through structural changes and by setting performance
standards and capacities. The Mission has become fully functional from 2012-13
and is pursuing strategic initiatives: outlining policy and legislative
changes; re-engineering of procedures and court processes; focussing on Human
Resource Development; and leveraging Information and Communication Technology
& tools for better justice delivery.
What are the policy and legislative
changes the Mission has undertaken?
The Mission has taken
several steps in each of the strategic areas towards fulfilment
of its objectives. Judicial Standards and
Accountability Bill has been prepared. The Bill has already been passed by the
Lok Sabha and is now before the Rajya Sabha for consideration. Constitution amendment
bill for raising the retirement age of High Court Judges is also before the Parliament.
A comprehensive proposal has been formulated for constitution of All India
Judicial Service and the 25 States have formulated their Litigation
What are the changes
proposed for Court Procedures and Court Processes?
An important aspect of
the judicial reforms relates to reengineering court procedures and court processes
for early disposal of cases. A National Court Management System has been
recently notified by the Supreme Court for addressing the issues of case
management, court management, setting measurable standards for performance of
the courts and the National System of Judicial Statistics in the country. The National
Mission would coordinate with NCMS and would render necessary assistance in
achieving the goal of reducing pendency in courts.
What is the impact on Infrastructure
development for the subordinate judiciary is a major thrust area of the
National Mission. With a view to enhancing the resources of the State
Governments, the Government has increased the central share by revising the funding
pattern from 50:50 to 75:25 (for States other than North Eastern States) under modified Centrally Sponsored
Scheme for development of infrastructure facilities for the judiciary from the
year 2011-12 onwards. The funding pattern for North-Eastern States has been
kept as 90:10 from 2010-11.
What is the Gram
Nyayalayas Act 2008?
The Gram Nyayalayas Act,
2008 has been enacted for establishment of Gram
Nyayalayas at the grass roots level for providing access to justice to citizens
at their door step. The Central Government provides assistance to States for non-recurring
expenses for setting up of Gram Nyayalayas and for meeting the cost of recurring
expenses for running these Gram Nyayalayas for the first three years. At the
time of enactment of Gram Nyayalayas Act it was
envisaged that 5067 Gram Nyayalayas would be set up throughout the
country for which Central Government would provide recurring and nonrecurring assistance
to States as per prescribed norms.
What is the Pendency Reduction
Drive launched by the Government?
The Government had
launched a pendency reduction drive from July 2011 to December, 2011. High Courts
were requested by the Minister of Law and Justice to initiate a campaign mode approach
towards clearing long pending cases and
cases relating to marginalised sections of the society. As per feedback
received from them, total pendency was reduced by over 6 lakh cases out of
which about .36 lakh cases belonged to targeted groups such as senior citizens,
disabled, minors and marginalised sections of society.
One of the important components
of pendency reduction drive related to release of under-trial prisoners from
jail. Around 3.16 lakh under-trial prisoners were released from the prisons
during the campaign period. A similar drive has been launched this year as well
from July, 2012 to December, 2012. for Justice Delivery and