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Sampoorna Grameen Rozgar Yojana (SGRY) and its process of implementation

All the economic activities in villages are closely related to seasons. During certain seasons, there is enough demand for labour. At certain other times, there is little demand for labour. As a result, the rural poor and landless laborers donot get regular paid-work throughout the year. Most of the time they remain unemployed or under-employed. Most of the time they remain unemployed. So the new scheme called Sampoorna Grameen Rozgar Yojana(SGRY) is the result of the merger of the two earlier schemes namely,the Employment Assurance Scheme(EAS) and the Jawahar Gram Samridhi Yojana (JGSY).

Alleviation of poverty, reduction of inequalities, improvement of nutritional levels and more significantly the maintenance of a high economic growth rate are not possible without the efficient use of the existing available human resources. Hence, providing wage-employment to all the rural poor by involving them in the manual and unskilled worked work is the primary objective of the SGRY.

Agricultural wage earners, non-agricultural unskilled wage earners, marginal farmers, women, member of SCs/STs, parents of the child laborer and handicapped children, adult children of handicapped parents, etc. shall get preference under this scheme. The SGRY also provides special safeguards for the weaker sections and women.

The central Government will provide food grains and cash component to the states and Union Territories as per the set criteria in order to generate additional wage-employment. The SGRY programme is being implemented through the Panchayati Raj Institutions.(PRIs).

The objectives of the SGRY

The SGRY has two fold objectives:
1. The primary objective is to provide additional and supplementary wage-employment in all rural areas and thereby provide food security and improve nutritional levels.
2. To create durable community, social and economic assets and effect infrastructural development in rural area in the long run.


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