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New agricultural technologies are need of time and to address the crisis of agriculture. PF is one of them that incorporate various modern ways to address the issue.

What is Precision Farming (PF)?
Precision farming (PF) or satellite farming or site specific crop management (SSCM) is a farming management concept based on observing, measuring and responding to inter and intra-field variability in crops. Crop variability typically has both a spatial and temporal component which makes statistical/computational treatments quite involved. The holy grail of precision agriculture research will be the ability to define a Decision Support System (DSS) for whole farm management with the goal of optimizing returns on inputs while preserving resources.

Precision farming aims to optimize field-level management with regard to:
·   Crop science: by matching farming practices more closely to crop needs (e.g. fertilizer inputs);
·  Environmental protection: by reducing environmental risks and footprint of farming (e.g. limiting leaching of nitrogen);
·    Economics: by boosting competitiveness through more efficient practices (e.g. improved management of fertilizer usage and other inputs).

Precision farming also provides farmers with a wealth of information to:
·         Build up a record of their farm;
·         Improve decision-making;
·         Foster greater traceability
·         Enhance marketing of farm products
·         Improve lease arrangements and relationship with landlords
·      Enhance the inherent quality of farm products (e.g. protein level in bread-flour wheat)




Open course ware is  a new movement among the academic communities where schools from around the world are providing free lectures, lessons and other learning materials at absolutely no cost.

Open course ware is an initiative in which hundreds of Universities and colleges from many countries have agreed to make their course ware (education materials) accessible to everyone, anytime via the internet for free. Open course ware can be used to achieve specific learning goals or recognised formal qualifications.


Free Online Courses From the University of Washington
The University of Washington has been a leader in online education for more than a decade, delivering courses and programs over the Internet since 2001. Part of that legacy of leadership includes offering a selection of online courses for free to anyone who wants to expand their world through higher education.

The UW currently provides free online courses through a variety of services, including popular online learning platforms such as the Canvas Network, Coursera and edX. Many of these courses are based on popular classes offered by UW degree and certificate programs, both online and in person.

Here you find free online courses and a wide range of related learning content from across Harvard’s school, initiatives and programmes.

So explore Harvard’s extensive, world-class online learning opportunities and follow your intellectual curiosity.

At the MIT Open Courseware site, you'll find a syllabus, various readings, lecture notes, assignments and more. You can download course materials at no cost. It's a fantastic service, with courses covering biology, political science, music, economics and much more. The courseware that you'll find on this site goes beyond the basic video content most other open courseware sites offer.

Yale University also offers open course work at its website known as “Open Yale Courses”. On this site you can explore history, chemistry, Astronomy, and many other subjects.
In Open Yale you can download course materials. You can work through these courses just like you were sitting in the class room. There are few opportunity in the world where you can obtain a free education and this is one of those.  

Caltech offers a website called "streaming theatre" where you'll find a variety of talks by professionals from the Caltech staff and alumni.

Open.Michigan is a University of Michigan initiative that enables faculty, students, and others to share their educational resources and research with the global learning community. 

Open Michigan is set up as a resource for students and faculty to share their own educational resources as well as the research they conduct at the University. 

At Open Michigan, you'll not only find a whole collection of downloadable course materials, but you can also share your own research and materials, or connect with other academics and researchers at the "U-M Open Community".

Another university that offer open courseware is Utah State University. Utah State University offers listing for free courseware under Biology, Human Development, Physics, Psychology, and much more. You will find an amazing variety of downloadable materials and learning opportunities here.

This is also a good place to find other open course ware sites, since the Utah State page lists some of the OCW resources of like Johns Hopkin, Japan OCW alliance and Notre Dame. 

Open Learn from Open University – The Home for Free Learning
This OPEN LEARN is a UK based site offering the Open University. It is a large library of educational material and well worth the time to explore the site to know about subjects of all categories- Health, Psychology, Education, Art, Language, Nature & Environment, Science, Math and Technology..

A Global Network for Open Education-
Open Education Consortium encompasses resources, tools and practices that employ a frame work of open sharing to improve educational access and effectiveness worldwide.

Open education combines the traditions of knowledge sharing and creation with 21st century technology to create a vast pool of openly shared educational resources, while harnessing today’s collaborative spirit to develop educational approaches that are more responsive to learners needs.





People say in this modern timeInformation is a powerful weapon’ but I would add that information is such a weapon which can bring smile on anybody’s face, it can change a human mind, thought and even body! It has happened in one girl’s life, named Kiabati Jadia of Digiribandha village.

In the month of September, 2014 with the support from Gram Vikas, Bafla project about 15 farmers came to an exposure visit to our Harsha Trust, Bissamcuttack project villages. The main objective of the exposure was to see the Wadi(Fruit Orchard) and vegetable intervention. From Gram Vikas, Bighneswar Panda, Senior Supervisor was accompanying the team. During the field visit the team visited Wadi (mango & cashew) field, inter cropping in wadi field, vegetable cultivation through trellis and vegetable cultivation through drip irrigation system. During the evening session with the farmer a small interaction session was organized at Harsha Trust Training hall premises and from Harsha Trust, as team leader I too was presiding the session. While they were there, farmers and Gram Vikas staff appreciated good interventions implemented by us.

While some people may skeptically believe that exposure means merry making and only a picnic visit to some of the places but this is not true because exposure can also trigger change in human mind, thinking and inspire one to be a good human being. As it turned out, one farmer Dhanapati Jadia father of Kaibati was one of the landless farmers of the village under Gopinathpur G.P of Thuamul Rampur block of Kalahandi district, who had come as part of exposure team. He is father of two more sons and his old parents also stay with him.

Kiabati Jadia Before Cleft Operation

Kiabati Jadia After Cleft Operation



Scheduled Caste Sub-Plan and Tribal Sub-Plan

Clearly, it would be neither feasible nor necessary for all ministries to meet the 16 / 8 per cent benchmark for SCSP /TSP. But if the ministries make serious efforts along these lines, the combined Plan allocations reported for all ministries is quite likely to be higher than the benchmarks - if not in the first year itself, then over a span of a few years

Scheduled Castes (SCs) and Scheduled Tribes (STs) have been among the most disadvantaged sections of our society due to their socio-economic exploitation and isolation over a long period of time. They lag behind the rest of the population in terms of both human development as well as economic indicators. Table 1 reflects the marked difference in the social and economic indicators of SCs and STs as compared to other social groups. The 12th Five Year Plan noted that the incidence of poverty is most pronounced among the SCs and the STs across all social groups.  

Table 1: Socio-Economic Indicators for Scheduled Castes

Other Groups
Literacy Rate (Rural) %
Literacy Rate (Urban) %
Unemployment Rate by Current Daily Status (Rural)
Women with BMI < 18.5 (%)
Women with Anaemia (%)
Infant Mortality Rate (per 1000)
Households with Pucca houses (%)
Households with electricity (%)

TRIBAL DEVELOPMENT-Law, Democracy and Governance


TRIBAL DEVELOPMENT : The Limits to Law, Democracy and Governance

Tribal Development Both PESA and FRA give powers to communities that allow them to determine their future destiny. What these laws also do is to make the state bureaucracy and for that matter elected, mostly non-tribal, representatives accountable to community institutions. The centre of power will, therefore, shift and allow tribals control over their own governance and natural resources that they are dependent upon for their livelihood. PESA and FRA can create a legitimate political space and democratic mechanism where equity, justice and participatory democracy are the core 

Tribal Development policy from its inception has always been beset by a contradiction, namely to recognize the uniqueness of tribal communities (including their governance systems) but yet deliver the benefits of mainstream development. In practice, the former has, for the most part been undermined, seemingly to attain the latter. However, even the latter goal mostly has not been achieved because of the wider priorities of ‘growth’ and ‘development’ for the nation. Over the last two decades since the adoption of the New Economic Policy in 1991 and the drive to speed up the growth process, a widening gap between the goals of national development and tribal development has emerged. The accelerated attempt to exploit natural resources in the name of economic growth has led to maladministration and misgovernance (‘governance deficit’) and neglect in terms of infrastructure, development and welfare (‘development deficit’) in tribal areas. These failures of state policy have led to the spread of Left Wing Extremism (LWE), pervasive now in 83 districts of the country.  

This is not to say that progressive Constitutional provisions and laws that empower tribal communities have not been periodically passed, but rather that, these have been for the most part undermined. From Article 244 of the Constitution, which led to the establishment of Fifth Schedule Areas, to legislation such as the Panchayati Raj (Extension to Scheduled Areas) Act, 1996 (hereafter PESA), and the Scheduled Tribes and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers (Recognition of Forest Rights) Act, 2006 (hereafter FRA), legal measures have been passed to empower tribal communities to govern themselves. But invariably these legal measures have to a large extent remained on paper because of a lack of political will to implement them, given the economic priorities of growth. 

SABLA for Adolescence Girl


Sabla: The road to empowerment and self esteem for adolescent girls


Through various schemes including Sabla, the government is investing in the health, nutrition and development needs of adolescent girls to advance their rights to education, health and protection. This will help them to build a future of gender equality and justice

Adolescence is a phase during which major physical and psychological changes take place in children, along with changes in their social perceptions and expectations. Adolescence is also the stage when young people extend their relationships beyond parents and family and are intensely influenced by their peers and the outside world. This is the time that they need the maximum understanding and caring. 

There are nearly 1.2 billion adolescents in the world, that is, those aged between 10 to 19 years. 

Studies show that millions of adolescents today do not enjoy access to quality education, basic sexual and reproductive health care, support for mental health issues and disability, protection from violence, abuse and exploitation and forums for active participation. 

Golden Fibre Making Inroads into Road Construction


Golden Fibre Making Inroads into Road Construction 

The first thing when we hear about coir comes to our mind is traditional items like mats, baskets and ropes, but it is not the case anymore. 

With the changing times and growing charm for eco-friendly products, the golden fibre is finding new applications and is also being preferred in road construction. 

With increasing deforestation affecting the environment, the biodegradable geotextiles is being used in the construction of roads. 

The major reasons for increased use of the natural fibre are sustainability and cost effectiveness. 

Coir (coconut fiber) geotextiles are a popular solution for erosion control, slope stabilisation and bioengineering, due to the fabric’s substantial mechanical strength. 

Gramin Bhandaran Yojana


Gramin Bhandaran Yojana

It is well known that the small farmers do not have the economic strength to retain the produce with themselves till the market prices are favourable. There has been a felt need in the country to provide the farming community with facilities for scientific storage so that wastage and produce deterioration are avoided and also to enable it to meet its credit requirement without being compelled to sell the produce at a time when the prices are low. A network of rural godowns will enable small farmers to enhance their holding capacity in order to sell their produce at remunerative prices and avoid distress sales. Accordingly, Gramin Bhandaran Yojana, a capital investment subsidy scheme for construction/renovation of rural godowns was introduced in 2001-2002.

The main objectives of the scheme include creation of scientific storage capacity with allied facilities in rural areas to meet the requirements of farmers for storing farm produce, processed farm produce and agricultural inputs; promotion of grading, standardization and quality control of agricultural produce to improve their marketability; prevention of distress sale immediately after harvest by providing the facility of pledge financing and marketing credit; strengthen agricultural marketing infrastructure in the country by paving the way for the introduction of a national system of warehouse receipts in respect of agricultural commodities stored in such godowns and to reverse the declining trend of investment in agriculture sector by encouraging private and cooperative sectors to invest in the creation of storage infrastructure in the country. 

The project for construction of rural godowns can be taken up by individuals, farmers, groups of farmers/ growers, firms, non-Government organizations (NGOs), Self Help Groups(SHGs), companies, corporations, co-operatives, federations and agricultural produce marketing committees in the country. 


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